When a child is born, it does not have teeth. After a few months in the development of life, its delicate teeth come out. These teeth fall after a little aging. The teeth that come out after that exist for a long time. Once again the teeth fall in old age.
Teeth are our lifelong companions, with the help of which we eat, bite and chew. Teeth also help us to speak.That is why it is necessary to take care of the teeth from the very beginning. At this point it becomes clear to us why dental care of children is so crucial.

Primary and Permanent Teeth

There are two types of teeth in different stages of development in human life. Let us know what are these two types –

Primary Teeth

Often we hear people saying that your milk teeth have not broken yet. In fact, he means to say that you are still a child. The tender teeth of children are called milk teeth. Apart from this, milk teeth are also known as baby teeth, deciduous teeth and primary teeth. Primary teeth are small in size. The enamel of children’s teeth is thinner, so it looks whiter than the teeth of adults.

The root of primary teeth is short and thin. These teeth serve as a base for permanent teeth. Children’s jaws are small, so the number of primary teeth is usually 20. These teeth tend to fall out with age.

Permanent Teeth

After the primary teeth fall, permanent teeth come out at that place. Primary teeth in a way form the role of their eruption. By the age of 6 to 6 years, the jaws of children become large enough. Now they can easily accommodate 28 permanent teeth.
After the primary teeth fall out, permanent teeth come out at that place. Between the ages of six and thirteen, the jaws of children become large enough. Now they can easily accommodate 28 permanent teeth.
After this, four wisdom teeth come from the age of 17 to 21 years. Now an adult has a total of 32 teeth. This permanent set of 32 teeth is very strong.

Common dental problems in children

  • Thumb sucking
    • The habit of thumb sucking is found in many children. This is a very common trend, but becomes worrisome when the child does not give up this habit till old age.
  • Gum swelling
    • Gum disease is a common problem found in children like adults. In this disease, there is swelling in the gums. Many times blood also comes out from that place on brushing. Gum swelling can also be a symptom of some other disease. Therefore, whenever there is swelling in the gums of children, do not ignore it. In most cases, it goes away with the practice of normal oral hygiene. But if the swelling persists for several days, consult a dentist.
  • Orthodontic Problems
    • In the Greek language, ‘Ortho’ means straight and ‘Dontic’ means teeth. Thus orthodontic means ‘Straight or align teeth’.
    • In simple language, it can be said that the problem of crooked or uneven teeth of children comes under Orthodontic Problems. Which doctors align through treatment.
    • Orthodontic problems can occur due to many reasons. These include genetics, jaw size and shape.
    • It is important to have timely treatment of orthodontic problems. Once the teeth take shape completely, they become difficult to fix. Therefore, children suffering from orthodontic problems should be taken to the dentist for treatment at the age of seven-eight years.
  • Ulcer in mouth
    • Children not only feel pain when there is ulcer in their mouth, but also have difficulty in eating or drinking anything. Due to which their health is affected. Consult a dentist in case of mouth ulcers and give medicine to the child accordingly.
  • Sports or accidental injuries
    • Children often get hurt in their mouth during sports. If the injury is not serious, then it heals itself in some time. But if there is an accidental injury to the teeth, gum, jaw or tongue which is causing a lot of pain or forming a wound, do not ignore it. Take the child to the doctor as soon as possible.
  • Apart from these, children also have problems like tooth decay, lip sucking, tongue thrusting etc. for which they may require treatment.

Dental care for babies

Newborn babies do not have teeth, so negligence is often seen regarding their oral hygiene. While dental care for babies is very important because by paying attention to oral hygiene from the beginning, the oral health of children will be good even when they grow up.

  • After breastfeeding, be sure to clean your baby’s gums with a clean wet cloth or oral wipe.
  • After 6 months, when the baby starts drinking milk from the bottle, attention should be paid to the proper cleanliness of the bottle.
  • When the baby teeth start to come up, make it a habit to brush twice a day. Soft bristle toothbrushes are available for small children, use them only.
  • Parents should brush their children under their supervision until they learn to brush properly.
  • In young children, the habit of thumb sucking is found at the age of about four years. This is normal. But if the child is suffering from the habit of thumb sucking continuously even after four years, then it should be taken care of. Due to thumb sucking, the alignment of his teeth may deteriorate.

If oral hygiene and dental care is not taken care of, what can be the problem in the development of children?

Poor oral hygiene and dental care can lead to development of non-aligned baby teeth, cavities, gum disease and jaw related problems etc.Due to these diseases, the child may have difficulty in speaking. He may be a victim of an inferiority complex in front of people. He may get health-harming infections.

How to get children involved in oral hygiene and dental care

Disciplining children is not easy. They only do things that they enjoy doing. Adults fail to follow the general practice of dental care completely, so it can be estimated how difficult it must be for children to practice it regularly.
The healthy practice of oral hygiene and dental care can be inculcated in children only when it is combined with fun. below Some tips given below that you can follow to make the whole process of dental care easier for kids.

  • If you go to buy a toothbrush or toothpaste, take your children along with you. Ask them to choose a toothbrush and toothpaste for themselves. Let them choose the color and design of their choice. Suppose a child likes Spider-Man very much. He chooses for himself one of the brushes specially designed for children, which have a photo print of Spider Man or a cartoon on it. You will see that the child will enjoy brushing his teeth with the Spider-Man toothbrush. In this way you will be able to connect it with a good habit. Similarly, let the child choose the toothpaste of his choice.
  • Show the child a book or video that explains dental care with good images or graphics. This will increase the interest of the child towards oral hygiene.
  • Make the time interesting so that the child does not feel bored while brushing. For example, play a song of the child’s choice. The child will enjoy brushing while listening to the song and your purpose will also be fulfilled.
  • When children brush their teeth twice a day and pay attention to oral hygiene, reward them for practicing this good habit. Doing this will encourage the child to continue with dental and oral hygiene.
  • Take the kids to a dentist who is friendly with childrens. Being around whom the child does not feel scared and can easily get his teeth examined. If your child has any problem with his teeth and he is afraid of going to the dentist, then you can bring him to the best dental clinic in Indirapuram ‘The Dental Tree and Facial Cosmetic Centre’. Here they will get treatment by the best dentist in Indirapuram in a kid friendly environment.

It is said that the better and stronger the foundation, the stronger the building. If you want to achieve healthy teeth and mouth for the overall good health of your child. You must take care of oral hygiene and dental care of your babies right from their birth.

Expert advice will be of great help to you regarding dental care for children. There is no awareness about dental care in our surroundings, so it is very difficult to get information about dental care and oral hygiene of the child. In such a scenario, visiting the dentist and getting advice will be very beneficial for you. Consult well trained and experienced dentists like Dr. Abhijeet Nigam, Dr. Esha Sharma. You can have a consultation session with them in ‘The Dental Tree and Facial Cosmetic Centre’, the best dental clinic in Indirapuram.